Since antiquity, lifestyle has been a major concern for mankind. The incessant need for the betterment of life led to the inception of various disciplines and it is safe to say that no other field has contributed to the world as much as engineering did. Starting with the invention of the wheel, engineers have improved the human way of life and helped make the world a much more comfortable, safe place.
Engineering found its place in academia as one of the most challenging, rewarding, and sought after courses, but career guidance is necessary before students jump into this field, as there are different types of engineering courses. Mentioned below are a few of them:
Different Types of Engineering Courses
1. Electrical Engineering
Electrical engineers study the practical uses of electricity, electrical systems, electromagnetism, and devise and design communication systems, machines, and other tools, wiring, and distribution of electrical power. Pursuing this course would promise exciting careers as this is a field where technological innovations happen on a daily basis.
2. Computer Engineering
This is a course students can take to learn about computers, their applicability, and resourcefulness in all domains. These engineers write computer programs as well as develop networks and design hardware, and other computer equipment such as processors, chips and circuits.
Computers have proved to be indispensable entities in today’s world and this heightens the need for experts in the field. Studying this subject would offer students some of the most lucrative career options.
3. Mechanical Engineering
This extensive course studies moving parts, power, force, and other principles of physics. Mechanical engineers research, design, test, and develop machines and operate them to perform tasks. Vehicles, engines, household gadgets such as Televisions, refrigerators, Air conditioners, etc. are all designed by mechanical engineers.
It offers jobs in sectors such as the aerospace industry, robotics, defense, manufacturing plants, bio-mechanical industry, etc.
4. Aerospace Engineering
This is a type of course that provides personnel with the skills to design and develop aircraft, spacecraft, missiles, and navigation and communication tools for space exploration. Literally rocket science, this is an emerging course that is offered in very few colleges. Studying this course would help find jobs in the defense sector, space research organizations, aviation departments, and aeronautical laboratories.
5. Chemical Engineering
It makes use of principles of fundamental science subjects such as chemistry, biology, mathematics, and physics, and clubs them with engineering disciples such as computer science, mechanical, civil and electrical engineering.
Their services are required in fields like medicine, biotechnology, manufacturing and energy, and nanotechnology. Plenty of opportunities await students who take up this course as it promises some of the most lucrative careers.
6. Automotive Engineering
Automotive engineers design, develop, test, and are involved in the manufacturing of all kinds of land-based vehicles. They design cars, motorcycles, utility vehicles, and buses to even military tanks. Automotive is usually taken up as a specialization course after attaining a graduate-level degree in mechanical engineering. Creativity and attention to detail is a must for students wishing to pursue a career in this field.
7. Civil Engineering
It is the field in engineering that teaches students the science of construction and the environment. Civil Engineers study design, construction, and maintenance of structures such as buildings, roads, canals, and dams. Civil engineers have played a major role in modern civilization as seen around. It is a little tough to get established in this field compared to the other disciplines.
8. Marine Engineering
This is the discipline that teaches students designing, developing, and testing vehicles and structures that are water-borne. Ships, boats, military vessels, submarines, oil rigs would all fall in this category.
This is a type of mechanical engineering, but this study specifically looks at factors that condition the environment on the surface and underwater. As one of the most adventurous fields in engineering, marine engineering also offers great opportunities for students in sectors like Maritime organizations, defense, power generation, etc.
Also Read: Career Guidance for Engineering Students
There are various other engineering courses such as agriculture, environmental, biomechanical, industrial, petroleum, and nanotechnology engineering.